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UI Components Documentation

This documentation provides an overview and detailed explanation of UI components in Magento 2, specifically focusing on their usage, structure, and customization. UI components are an integral part of Magento's frontend development, allowing developers to create interactive user interfaces with reusable code.

Introduction to UI Components

UI components are JavaScript objects that define the structure and behavior of a specific element on a webpage. They are an essential part of the Magento 2 frontend architecture and follow a declarative programming approach. Each UI component can have its own set of properties, methods, and data that determine how it behaves and interacts with other components.

In Magento 2, UI components are widely used for various tasks, such as rendering grids, forms, and other UI elements. They simplify the development process by providing a standardized way of building interactive interfaces and promoting code reusability.

UI Component Structure

A UI component consists of several essential elements:

  1. XML Configuration: Each UI component is defined in an XML file, typically located in the view/[area]/ui_component directory of a Magento module. This XML configuration specifies the component's name, template, data source, and other properties.

    Example XML configuration for a grid UI component:

    <listing xmlns:xsi="" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:module:Magento_Ui:etc/ui_configuration.xsd">
    <argument name="data" xsi:type="array">
    <!-- Component configuration -->
    <!-- Other XML elements specific to the component -->
  2. UI Component JavaScript: The XML configuration references a JavaScript file that provides the component's logic and behavior. This JavaScript file is typically located in the view/[area]/web/js/[component_name].js directory.

    Example JavaScript code for a grid UI component:

    ], function (Listing) {
    'use strict';
    return Listing.extend({
    defaults: {
    // Component defaults
    // Component methods and properties
  3. Template: The UI component's template file defines the HTML structure and appearance of the component. It is referenced in the XML configuration and typically located in the view/[area]/web/template directory.

    Example template code for a grid UI component:

    <table class="admin__table-secondary">
    <!-- Table rows and columns -->

UI Component Usage

To use a UI component in a Magento 2 module, follow these steps:

  1. Create an XML configuration file for the component in the appropriate module's view/[area]/ui_component directory.

  2. Define the component's properties and logic in a JavaScript file located in the view/[area]/web/js/[component_name].js directory.

  3. Create the component's template file in the view/[area]/web/template directory, specifying the HTML structure of the component.

  4. Reference the component in the desired layout file, such as view/[area]/layout/[layout_name].xml, using the <uiComponent> tag.

    Example usage of a grid UI component in a layout file:

    <referenceContainer name="content">
    <uiComponent name="my_grid_component"/>

The UI component will then be rendered according to its XML configuration, JavaScript logic, and HTML template.

Customizing UI Components

Magento 2 provides several ways to customize UI components to suit specific requirements:

  1. Extending Components: Developers can extend existing UI components to modify or add functionality. This is achieved by creating a new XML configuration file that references the base component and overrides specific properties or methods.

    Example XML configuration for extending a grid UI component:

    <listing xmlns:xsi="" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:module:Magento_Ui:etc/ui_configuration.xsd">
    <argument name="data" xsi:type="array">
    <!-- Component configuration -->
    <!-- Other XML elements specific to the extended component -->
  2. Modifying Templates: Developers can customize the appearance of a UI component by modifying its template file. This involves overriding the default template in a custom theme or module.

    Example template modification for a grid UI component:

    <table class="my-custom-table">
    <!-- Modified table rows and columns -->
  3. Manipulating Data: UI components often interact with data sources, such as APIs or databases. Developers can customize a component's data handling by extending or modifying the corresponding JavaScript file.

    Example data manipulation in a grid UI component:

    return Listing.extend({
    fetchData: function () {
    // Custom data retrieval logic
    // Other custom methods and properties


UI components are a fundamental part of Magento 2 frontend development, providing a structured and reusable approach to building interactive user interfaces. This documentation has provided an introduction to UI components, explained their structure and usage, and described methods for customizing them. By following these guidelines and leveraging the power of UI components, developers can create highly functional and visually appealing interfaces in their Magento 2 projects.