Skip to content

📝 Community Note The content on this page was generated with the assistance of AI and is pending a human review. While we've done our best to ensure accuracy, there may be discrepancies or areas that could be improved.

RequireJS Documentation


RequireJS is a JavaScript file and module loader that improves the efficiency and organization of code in web applications. It allows you to break your code into small, modular pieces called modules and load them only when they are needed, reducing the initial download time of your web page and improving the overall performance of your application.

This documentation will provide a comprehensive guide to using RequireJS with a focus on integrating it with PHP and Magento 2. We will cover the basic concepts of RequireJS, its configuration, and how to use it effectively in a Magento 2 environment.


To get started with RequireJS, you can download it from the official website or include it via a package manager like npm or Yarn. For Magento 2, RequireJS is already packaged and included in the installation.

You can include RequireJS in your HTML file by adding the following script tag:

<script data-main="path/to/main.js" src="path/to/require.js"></script>

Basic Concepts


Modules are the building blocks of RequireJS. They encapsulate a piece of code, usually in a separate file, and expose specific functionalities or data through a defined interface.

A module can be defined using the define function provided by RequireJS. It takes an array of dependencies and a callback function that returns the module's exports.

define(['dependency1', 'dependency2'], function (dep1, dep2) {
// Module code here
return {
// Exports of the module


Dependencies are other modules that are required by a module to function correctly. RequireJS ensures that all dependencies are loaded before executing the module code.

Dependencies are specified as an array of module names in the define function. The order of the dependencies is important if the modules rely on each other.

define(['dependency1', 'dependency2'], function (dep1, dep2) {
// Module code here

Asynchronous Module Definition (AMD)

RequireJS uses the Asynchronous Module Definition (AMD) format. This means that modules are loaded and executed asynchronously, improving the performance of web applications.

AMD allows you to load modules on-demand, reducing the initial loading time of your application. It also provides a clean and modular way to organize your code, making it easier to maintain and refactor.

Configuring RequireJS

RequireJS Configuration Object

RequireJS provides a configuration object that allows you to customize its behavior. You can specify module paths, shims for non-AMD modules, and various other options.

The configuration object can be set using the requirejs.config method. It takes an object with configuration options as its parameter.

// Configuration options here

Configuration Example

Here's an example of how to configure RequireJS with custom module paths and shims:

baseUrl: 'js',
paths: {
'jquery': '',
'lodash': '',
shim: {
'jquery': {
exports: '$'
'lodash': {
exports: '_'

In this example, we set the base URL for all module paths to 'js', so RequireJS will look for modules in the js directory. We also specify the paths for the jquery and lodash modules using CDN URLs.

The shim option is used to define exports for non-AMD modules. In this case, we specify that the jquery module exports the global variable $, and the lodash module exports the global variable _.

Using RequireJS in Magento 2

Adding JavaScript Dependencies

Magento 2 uses RequireJS to manage JavaScript dependencies. To add new JavaScript dependencies to your Magento 2 module or theme, you need to create a requirejs-config.js file.

In the requirejs-config.js file, you can specify the module name, its dependencies, and any other configuration options.

Here's an example of how to add a JavaScript dependency to a Magento 2 theme:

var config = {
paths: {
'my-custom-script': 'Vendor_Module/js/custom-script'

In this example, we define a new module called 'my-custom-script' and specify its path as 'Vendor_Module/js/custom-script'. This means that the module file custom-script.js should be located in the Vendor/Module/view/frontend/web/js directory.

Defining Custom Modules

To define custom modules in Magento 2, you can use the AMD format provided by RequireJS. Create a new JavaScript file for your module and define it using the define function.

Here's an example of how to define a custom module in Magento 2:

define(['jquery', 'lodash'], function ($, _) {
// Module code here

In this example, we define a custom module that has jquery and lodash as dependencies. The module code can use the $ and _ variables to access the functionality provided by jQuery and Lodash.

Using RequireJS in Custom Magento 2 Themes

To load and use modules in a custom Magento 2 theme, you can use the data-mage-init attribute in HTML tags. This attribute allows you to specify the module and its configuration options.

Here's an example of how to use RequireJS in a custom Magento 2 theme:

<div data-mage-init='{"my-custom-script": {"option1": "value1", "option2": "value2"}}'>
<!-- Content here -->

In this example, we use the data-mage-init attribute to initialize the 'my-custom-script' module with the specified configuration options. The module code will be executed for the specified HTML element.


RequireJS is a powerful tool that enhances the performance and organization of JavaScript code in web applications. By breaking code into modules and loading them asynchronously, you can improve the loading time of your web page and create a more maintainable codebase.

In this documentation, we covered the basic concepts of RequireJS, its configuration options, and how to use it effectively in a Magento 2 environment. By following the guidelines and examples provided, you should be able to leverage RequireJS to enhance your PHP and Magento 2 projects.